Anti-Japan pro...     
Michael [ㅊㅊ_1549_1.jpg] 2012-09-19 3911
Anti-Japan protests swell in China
Seoul watches closely, U.S. counsels calm in the region
Protesters carry posters of China’s late Chairman Mao Zedong, Chinese national flags and banners as soldiers and policemen stand guard during a protest on the 81st anniversary of Japan’s invasion of China outside the Japanese Embassy in Beijing yesterday. Hundreds of Japanese businesses and the country’s embassy suspended services in China yesterday, expecting further escalation of sometimes violent protests over a territorial dispute between Asia’s two biggest economies.

Marking the 81st anniversary of the Manchurian Incident yesterday, which sparked Japan’s invasion of China’s northern region in 1931, anti-Japan protests in China reached a peak and tensions between the two countries over territorial claims continued to mount and threaten peace and security in Northeast Asia.

Some 5,000 protesters held a day-long anti-Japan demonstration in front of the Japanese Embassy in Beijing yesterday, more than in any previous day.

Protestors shouted slogans to boycott Japanese products and food, and the signboards of Japanese restaurants near the embassy were covered by red Chinese flags. Protestors also threw water bottles and eggs over the embassy wall, yelling, “Bombard Japan, China!”

In Shanghai, around 4,000 protesters gathered in front of the Japanese Consulate and criticized Tokyo for recently purchasing three of the five disputed islets from private Japanese landowners.

The islets, which China calls Diaoyu and Japan calls Senkaku, are effectively controlled by Tokyo.

Tension was also fierce yesterday on the water around the disputed islets. Around 1,000 Chinese fishing boats on Monday held protests near the islets. There was no clash with Japan’s Coast Guard.

Adding to the tension, two Japanese activists landed on one of the islands, which angered Beijing. Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman Hong Lei said “the unlawful landing” was “a gravely provocative action violating Chinese territorial sovereignty.”

In front of the Chinese Embassy in Tokyo, five far-right Japanese activists also expressed anger over recent territorial conflict and urged the government to sever diplomatic relations with China.

“Japan feels very insecure about a rising China,” said Willy Lam, professor of history at the Chinese University of Hong Kong. “Tokyo feels that the Chinese will seek revenge for what Japan did to China from the late 19th century onward.”

The disputed islets are rich in gas and other resources. Japan incorporated the islets into its own territory in 1895 after winning the First Sino-Japanese War. Japan claims they were “no man’s islets.”

China and Taiwan, however, have conflicting views. They argue that the islets were marked as belonging to China’s Fujian Province on a map drawn in 1863.

But after the Sino-Japanese War in 1895, the islets were claimed by the Japanese based on the Treaty of Shimonoseki, which ended the war.

Some experts think the area has oil reserves equivalent to those of Iraq, which has 8 percent of the world’s oil deposits.

The conflict between China and Japan is more raucous than that between Seoul and Tokyo over Dokdo, Korea’s easternmost islets, which Tokyo claims as its own territory.

The Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade has been monitoring the China-Japan dispute closely with concerns that it may affect the whole region. But there have been no public attacks on Japanese restaurants or car dealers in Korea as in China over the past few days.

Many analysts say the demonstrations in China are controlled by and encouraged by the government or parts of the Chinese leadership. Many demonstrators have been seen taking turns to protest, as if under the direction of officials.

Meanwhile, the United States, concerned over the rising conflict in East Asia, has been calling for peaceful dialogue among the three countries.

Earlier this month, U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton urged East Asian countries to cool down their tensions on the sidelines of the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation summit in Vladivostok, Russia.

Following Clinton, U.S. Assistant Secretary of State Kurt Campbell told reporters last week in Washington, “The region is the cockpit of the global economy and the stakes could not be bigger, and the desire is to have all leaders to keep that squarely in mind.”

Also, yesterday, U.S. Secretary of Defense Leon Panetta, who is currently visiting Beijing, met with Chinese Defense Minister Liang Guanglie and urged that China resolve the conflict in a diplomatic and peaceful manner.

Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman Lei told reporters that its defense minister responded by saying, “China hopes the U.S. will truly abide by the principle of not taking sides over the question of to whom the Diaoyu islands belong.”

살인적 공포에… 일본인들 "스무니다" 연발!

● 중국, 일본 음식·문화까지 반대 … 반일 넘어 배척으로
● 9·18 만주사변 81주년 … 100개 도시서 수십만 명 시위
● ‘일본 요리는 먹지 않겠다’ ‘일본 상품을 배척하자’.

 일본의 중국 침략이 시작된 만주사변(1931년) 발생일인 18일 중국 전역의 100개 도시에서 반일시위가 이어졌다. 시위 참가자는 베이징(北京) 1만 명 등 수만에서 최대 수십만 명에 달할 것으로 추산된다. 일주일째 계속된 중국의 반일시위는 ‘일본 배척운동’으로 확대되는 양상을 보이고 있다. 전날까지는 ‘댜오위다오(센카쿠 열도의 중국명)는 중국 땅’이라는 구호가 주류였다. 이날 시위에 참여한 자오다(趙達·런민대 2)는 “친구들과 함께 일본과 관련된 모든 제품은 물론 요리와 문화까지 배척하는 캠페인을 벌일 예정”이라고 말했다. 시위에는 항일운동을 이끈 마오쩌둥(毛澤東) 초상화도 등장했다. 반일시위나 항일운동 기념식장에서 흔히 등장해 중국 민족주의나 중화주의를 환기시키는 사진이다.

 이런 분위기는 중국 내 일본인에게는 거의 공포 수준이다. 거리에서 만난 일본 기자 한 명은 “시위 현장에서 취재 내용을 수첩에 적고 있는데 한 중국인이 일어를 알아보고 ‘왜놈(日本鬼子)’이라며 발길질을 했다”고 말했다. 보복을 피하기 위해 한국인 행세를 하는 일본인도 늘고 있다. 일본 인터넷매체 제이캐스트(J-Cast)는 중국인의 공격을 예방하기 위해 일본어 끝에 ‘스무니다(습니다)’ ‘하무니다(합니다)’를 붙여 한국어처럼 들리게 말하는 재중 일본인도 있다고 소개했다.

 주중 일본대사관은 이날 중국에


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